ABS is a thermoplastic resin and is considered the greatest of the styrene family. It is tough, hard and rigid and has good chemical resistance and dimensional stability.
ABS is derived from acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene. Acrylonitrile is a synthetic monomer produced from propylene and ammonia. Acrylonitrile provides heat resistance and resistance to non-polar solvents. Butadiene is a petroleum hydrocarbon obtained from butane. Butadiene provides rubbery behavior, and resistance to impact. Styrene monomers, derived from coal, are commercially obtained from benzene and ethylene from coal. Styrene also provides good processing characteristics. The advantage of ABS is that this material combines the strength and rigidity of the acrylonitrile and styrene polymers with the toughness of the polybutadiene rubber. The most remarkable mechanical properties of ABS are resistance and toughness. Even though ABS plastics are used largely for mechanical purposes, they also have good electrical properties.
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